TCDSA Constitution and Bylaws

Constitution and Bylaws of the Twin Cities Local of Democratic Socialists of America

Constitution


Article I. Name, Legal Status, Territory


Section 1. Name

The name of this organization is the Twin Cities Local of Democratic Socialists of America, hereinafter referred to as TCDSA or the Local.

Section 2. Legal Status

This organization is recognized as a legal subsidiary of Democratic Socialists of America, a non-profit corporation registered in the state of New York, hereinafter referred to as DSA or the National. TCDSA shall be and remain registered as required by the State of Minnesota and these documents are to be filed with the Secretary of State, if so required.

Section 3. Territory

The territory covered by the Local is the sixteen county metropolitan area defined by the US Office of Management and Budget. This metropolitan area includes 14 Minnesota counties and 2 Wisconsin counties. See Addendum 1.

Article II. Purpose


The purpose of this organization is to organize, direct, and facilitate political education and advocacy of issues for members of DSA who reside within the territory defined in Art. I, Sec. 3, and DSA members-at-large throughout Minnesota who choose to join the Local. It is further the purpose of this local to approve policies and guidelines for the operation of the local chapter, to elect delegates to the national convention, to vote on matters related to national policy, and to make recommendations on issues and other matters to the National Political Committee of DSA.

We are Socialists because we reject an economic order based on private profit, alienated labor, gross inequalities of wealth and power, discrimination based on race, sex or any other factor, and brutality and violence in defense of the status quo. We are Democratic Socialists because we believe that both the economy and society should be run democratically to meet human needs, not to make profits for a few.

Article III. Membership


Section 1. Definitions

A Member of TCDSA shall be defined as a) any member of DSA (determined by paying dues) who resides within the 16 county Twin Cities metropolitan area and b) any at-large member of DSA who resides anywhere else in Minnesota and asks to be a member of TCDSA.

Section 2. Rights and Privileges

Any Member of TCDSA, who is in good standing with DSA, has the right to vote in a legally held membership meeting on all motions and in all elections. These include election of delegates to DSA conventions, election of officers, motions to amend this constitution, or any other duly moved issue that affects the actions or structure of TCDSA.

Section 3. Determination of Status

At TCDSA Membership meetings, the Operations Coordinator shall sign in participants as voting Members by checking their name on the official list. Non-members shall sign in on a separate list, giving contact details which will be kept by the Operations Coordinator.

Section 4. Upgrade to Member at Membership Meeting

It shall be the policy of TCDSA to permit a non-member to apply for membership and pay dues to the DSA via the Operations Coordinator at any Membership meeting, and be immediately granted the status, with rights and privileges, of a Member at that meeting.

Section 5. Termination of Status

a. If a Member ceases to pay dues to DSA and in time is no longer in good standing with DSA, the Operations Coordinator shall, after reminding and encouraging them to pay dues and regain membership, move their details to the contact list of non-members.

b. If a Member is removed from membership in DSA due to actions under Article I, Section 3 of the National DSA bylaws, the Operations Coordinator shall strike their name from the record and they will not be allowed to attend meetings of TCDSA.

Article IV. Amendment or Dissolution


Section 1. Amendment

The Constitution of DSA may be amended in the same manner as Bylaws are amended. This is set out in Item VI of the Bylaws.

Section 2. Dissolution

TCDSA may be dissolved as an entity either by the National or by a two-thirds vote of the Members of TCDSA at a legally called membership meeting. If there is not enough participation to gain a quorum at three successive membership meetings, the Steering Committee may, at their discretion, dissolve the organization by a majority vote at a legally called Steering Committee meeting. At dissolution, any assets of the organization will revert to the DSA, and the Secretary of State’s office of the State of Minnesota will be duly notified of the dissolution.

Bylaws


Item I. Meetings of TCDSA


Section 1. Annual Member Convention

a. TCDSA shall hold an Annual Convention for all Members annually in the month of September.

b. This meeting shall elect officers, adopt an annual budget, and set program priorities through motions and resolutions for the coming Fiscal Year.

c. Amendments to these Bylaws may be considered at the Annual Convention.

Section 2. Notice requirement for Annual Member Convention

a. Notice of the Annual Convention and a draft agenda shall be delivered, either by mail or electronically or both, to all members no more than seventeen and no fewer than ten days before the meeting.

b. All members will receive such notice by electronic mail by default, unless the Operations Coordinator receives either a request in writing for such notices by United States Postal Service mail or the Operations Coordinator does not have any electronic mail address on file for the member.

c. The Operations Coordinator shall ensure that the meeting notice is sent to all members and shall post the notice on the Official TCDSA Website (twincitiesdsa.org) and Social Media as described in Item VII below.

Section 3. Regular Membership Meetings

a. TCDSA shall hold at least three additional membership meetings each year. The Steering Committee shall set the agenda for each membership meeting, based on input from the members, if any.

b. Amendments to these bylaws may be considered at a Membership Meeting.

Section 4. Notice requirement for Regular Membership Meetings

a. Notice of each meeting and a draft agenda shall be delivered, either by mail or electronically or both, to all members no more than seventeen and no fewer than ten days before the meeting.

b. All members will receive such notice by electronic mail by default, unless the Operations Coordinator receives either a request in writing for such notices by United States Postal Service mail or the Operations Coordinator does not have any electronic mail address on file for the member.

c. The Operations Coordinator shall ensure that the meeting notice is sent to all members and shall post the notice on the Official TCDSA Website (twincitiesdsa.org) and Social Media as described in Item VII below.

Section 5. Emergency Meetings

The Steering Committee may call emergency meetings of the membership with five days’ notice in cases of extreme urgency. Except for the shorter notice, these meetings will be called and conducted in the same way as regular meetings.

Section 6. Quorum

a. For any membership meeting, including the annual convention, quorum is 10% of DSA members, determined by paying dues, on the membership list maintained by the Operations Coordinator. Those whose membership has been lapsed for 12 calendar months or more shall not count towards quorum.

b. The Operations Coordinator shall compute and declare the quorum before the first vote of the meeting. The calculation of quorum will be rounded up to the next whole number.

Item II. Officers of TCDSA


Section 1. Definition

a. The officers of the TCDSA shall consist of two Co-chairs, designated Chair 1 and Chair 2, Recording Secretary, Operations Coordinator, Technology Coordinator, Treasurer, Political Education Coordinator, and Political Action Coordinator.

b. The Co-chair positions have specific gender requirements. For the officers’ slate as a whole, the members of TCDSA shall strive for balance in race, class, sexual orientation and other factors relating to relative power in the community at large.

c. Members nominated for officer positions shall self-identify as they see fit.

Section 2. Co-chairs

a. The Co-chairs shall be the chief executives of the TCDSA and shall serve as spokespersons when one is required. Co-chair responsibilities include:

  • Scheduling Steering Committee and chapter meetings
  • Drafting agendas for Steering Committee and chapter meetings, with input from Steering Committee members
  • Facilitating Steering Committee and chapter meetings
  • Approving contents of the chapter newsletter before each edition is sent

b. Two Co-chairs will be elected at the 2016 Annual Member Convention. After the election, the two Co-chairs will use lots to determine which one is Chair 1 and which is Chair 2. Chair 1 will henceforth be elected in the odd years, so the first Chair 1 will serve one year only. Chair 2 and all future Chair 1s will serve two-year staggered terms. Chair 2 will be elected in the even years.

c. No more than one co-chair may be a cisgender male at any given time.

Section 3. Recording Secretary

a. The Recording Secretary shall prepare and publish the agendas and minutes of all Regular Membership Meetings, the Annual Member Convention and Steering Committee Meetings.

b. The Recording Secretary shall keep an archive of all previous meeting agendas and minutes for at least three (3) years. Minutes of all membership and Steering Committee meetings will be shared electronically with the Steering Committee as soon as possible after the meeting. Members shall have access to the archive of minutes upon request.

c. The Recording Secretary will oversee any paper balloting or division at any meeting.

d. The Recording Secretary shall be elected in odd years.

Section 4. Operations Coordinator

a. The Operations Coordinator shall maintain membership lists and contact lists, send notice of membership meetings and other communications on behalf of the chapter. At membership meetings, the Operations Coordinator shall register attendees, calculate and determine if there is a quorum, and provide ways for non-members to join. If a division or paper ballot is needed, the Operations Coordinator will assist the recording secretary by determining eligibility of all who vote.

b. The Operations Coordinator will be the chair of the Operations Committee, and will schedule meetings of that committee as required.

c. The Operations Coordinator will be elected in even years.

Section 5. Technology Coordinator

a. The Technology Coordinator shall maintain the chapter’s technology, including the chapter website, databases, and chapter email addresses. The Technology Coordinator shall implement the chapter’s social media and technology policies. The Technology Coordinator shall assist with research into new software, systems, or hardware before adoption by the chapter.

b. The Technology Coordinator will be the chair of the Technology Committee, and will schedule meetings of that committee as required.

c. The Technology Coordinator will be elected in odd years.

Section 6. Treasurer

a. The Treasurer shall maintain records of the income, expenses, and budget of the TCDSA. The Treasurer will receive any money donated to the TCDSA (but not member dues owed to the National, which will be received by the Operations Coordinator if paid at a meeting) and will account for all received money.

b. TCDSA will shall maintain a checking account at a credit union and the signatories will be the Treasurer and at least one Co-chair. If TCDSA engages in any business causing taxes, rents, or fees to be due, the treasurer shall pay these from the assets of the TCDSA. If TCDSA engages in any electoral activity, the Treasurer will submit campaign reporting as needed.

c. The Treasurer will be the chair of the Budget Committee, and will schedule meetings of that committee as required.

d. The Treasurer shall be elected in odd years.

Section 7. Political Education Coordinator

a. The Political Education Coordinator shall be a co-chair of the Political Education committee, which shall plan and follow-through on all chosen programs of political education for TCDSA.

b. The three co-chairs of the Political Education Committee will be elected in odd years, and the Political Education Coordinator will be elected as the highest ranked candidate in that election, as described in Item III, Section 7.

Section 8. Political Action Coordinator

a. The Political Action Coordinator shall plan and follow-through on all chosen programs of political advocacy for TCDSA. The Political Action Coordinator shall be, along with the Co-chairs, a liaison with any external groups that TCDSA shall choose to affiliate with, assist, or collaborate with.

b. The Political Action Coordinator will be the chair of the Outreach Committee, and will schedule meetings of that committee as required.

c. The Political Action Coordinator will be re-elected in even years.

Section 9. Nominations and Voting

a. At least thirty days before the Annual Convention, the Operations Coordinator shall distribute a nominations form to members with instructions for making nominations for open officer positions, and a deadline for submitting nominations by form.

b. Any member of TCDSA in good standing may nominate themself. Names of nominated members will be included in the registration packet for the Annual Convention. At the Annual Convention, there will be a call for further nominations from the floor.

c. Any unopposed candidate for an office may be elected by acclamation. Contested elections will be voted on using a paper ballot. Candidates must receive a simple majority of votes to be elected. In the case of a tie, winner shall be decided from among the tied candidates by lot.

Section 10. Recall Elections

a. Any member of TCDSA may initiate a recall of any Steering Committee member at any time and for any reason. To do so, the member must present a formal written petition for recall signed by 5% of dues paying members in good standing, or 15 members, whichever is greater, to the Operations Coordinator. If the Operations Coordinator is the subject of the recall petition, the petition shall be presented to the Recording Secretary.

b. Upon presentation, the Operations Coordinator shall verify the signatures on the petition and shall immediately provide notice to all TCDSA members that a recall election shall occur.

c. The recall election shall occur at the next regular membership meeting. A two-thirds majority of votes cast at that meeting is required to recall the elected Steering Committee member.

d. The Steering Committee member shall be permitted to resign before the recall election occurs. If the member resigns then the recall election shall be cancelled. The vacancy shall be filled according to Item III, Section 5.

Section 10. Terms of Office

The term of office for TCDSA constitutional officers shall be two years, and shall run from October 1 to September 30 of each year. Officers may serve up to three full consecutive terms in any position. Following three full consecutive terms, officers may not hold any other office for one full year. Partial terms of less than one year shall not count towards the three term limit.

Item III. Steering Committee


Section 1. Composition

a. The Steering Committee shall consist of the seven (7) officers defined in Item II above, plus the elected representatives of any Branches or Sections formed as part of TCDSA. b. Members who hold elected office are not eligible for Steering Committee membership. c. Steering Committee members may not also be members of the National Political Committee of DSA.

Section 2. Functions, Powers, Duties

The Steering Committee, in addition to the individual responsibilities of the officers, oversees the functioning of TCDSA in line with its stated purpose, including:

  • Approving expenditures of chapter funds
  • Implementing decisions made at membership meetings
  • Proposing policies and actions to the membership for consideration
  • Receiving reports from committees and branches
  • Advising committees and branches on policy
  • Calling emergency membership meetings when deemed necessary

Section 3. Meetings of the Steering Committee

a. The Steering Committee shall meet at least monthly. Each quarter, the co-chairs and the Operations Coordinator shall publish a calendar of that quarter’s Steering Committee meetings.

b. Meetings of the Steering Committee will be open to all TCDSA members.

c. All actions of the Steering Committee shall be disclosed to the members at the next membership meeting, and are subject to amendment or override by members, if any member should make a motion to do so.

Section 4. Quorum

a. 50% of the Steering Committee members comprise a quorum. If the Steering Committee has an odd number of members, the number will be rounded up for calculating a quorum.

b. If any branch has more than one representative at the meeting, that branch shall have only one vote and only one such representative shall count toward quorum.

Section 5. Vacancies

a. Vacancies may be created if a Steering Committee member resigns, is removed by the Steering Committee, is removed by the Chapter Membership, or if the Steering Committee Member takes a leave of absence.

b. If a member of the Steering Committee misses three consecutive meetings, the Operations Coordinator will send a notice to that member, either by mail or electronically, that the Steering Committee intends to declare their position vacant and to replace them. The notice must include the date, time and place of the Steering Committee meeting at which the committee will vote on declaring the position vacant. If the member attends that meeting and expresses a desire to remain in the position, no vote will be taken and no vacancy will exist. But if the member does not attend that meeting, a vote will be taken and if the vote passes with a simple majority, a vacancy exists.

c. If the vacancy created is of an officer, the co-chairs may at their discretion appoint an acting successor, and then a special election will be held at the next usual membership meeting, or a special membership meeting may be called to elect someone to fill the vacancy. If the vacancy is a branch representative, the branch shall replace them as soon as they can, by whatever democratic means they choose.

d. Elected members of the Steering Committee may request a temporary leave of absence of one to three months each year, not to exceed three months cumulatively. The Steering Committee must be notified in writing of the member’s request for leave and the estimated length of the leave. The Chairs must be notified of the reason for the leave and the reason for the leave may be kept confidential at the member’s request. The Steering Committee will vote to accept the leave of absence. The Steering Committee may, at its discretion, appoint a replacement to serve while the member is absent. Multiple Steering Committee members may take leaves at the same time so long as the ability to meet quorum requirements is not affected.

Section 6. Committees and Subcommittees

a. Committees -— The Steering Committee may set up committees to accomplish ongoing work necessary to the chapter. Committees may be ad hoc, meaning they exist for a specified time to accomplish a specified task, or standing, meaning they exist until dissolved by bylaw if no longer needed.

b. Standing committees -— The following standing committees shall be created from volunteers from the membership and each shall be the responsibility of the Steering Committee officer named, to recruit and form the committee and to serve as liaison between the standing committee and the Steering Committee.

  • Operations committee – Operations Coordinator
  • Technology committee – Technology Coordinator
  • Budget & Fundraising committee – Treasurer
  • Communications committee – Recording Secretary
  • Political Education committee – Political Education Coordinator
  • Outreach / Inreach committee – Political Action Coordinator

c. Subcommittees —- The Steering Committee or any of the standing committees may create subcommittees (either standing or ad hoc) and delegate tasks to them.

d. Structures within committees and subcommittees shall be determined democratically by the volunteers on the committees or subcommittees, including but not limited to chairing of meetings, setting of agendae, and allocation of tasks.

Section 7. Political Education Committee a. The Political Education Committee shall have three (3) co-facilitators, with no more than one identifying as cisgender white male.

b. The Political Education Committee Facilitators will be elected in odd years for a term of two (2) years, using IRV (Scottish Single Transferable Vote.)

c. The Political Education Coordinator shall be elected in odd years, to a two year term from amongst the newly elected Political Education Committee Co-Facilitators. They shall be elected by Instant Runoff Voting, using the same ballot as that used for the election of the Political Education Committee.

d. The Political Education Committee shall plan and follow-through on all chosen programs of political education for TCDSA. The Political Education Committee may also implement other political education programs as it sees fit.

e. For 2020, the existing elected Political Education Coordinator shall continue in that position, and a special election of the other two co-facilitators will be held as soon as possible in a general membership in 2020. All these co-facilitators will serve until the 2021 annual meeting of TCDSA, at which point elections as in Section 7b and 7c (above) will begin.

Item IV. Delegates to DSA National Conventions


Section 1. Nomination and election of delegates

TCDSA shall hold an election for delegates to each National Convention called by DSA. Nominations will be made in the same manner as nominations for officers. Voting will take place at a Regular Membership meeting.

Item V. Branches, Working Groups, and Caucuses


Section 1. Definitions

a. Branch – Branches are based upon a shared political concern or geographic location. Members will not be excluded from participation in a branch based on identity or political tendency. Branches have a member representative on the Steering Committee.

b. Working Group – Working groups are based upon a specific task, action, campaign, or political strategy. Members will not be excluded from participation in a working group based on identity or political tendency. Working groups do not have a member representative on the Steering Committee.

c. Caucus – Caucuses are based upon a common identity, affinity, and/or political tendency. Caucuses may limit their membership based upon their shared identity or tendency. Caucuses do not have a member representative on the Steering Committee.

  1. Recognized caucuses have the right to publish statements and proposals in public forums for TCDSA, subject to the moderation of the moderation team of that forum.

  2. The right for a caucus to establish formal or informal relationships with other caucuses composed of TCDSA or National members shall not be infringed or regulated by the Steering Committee.

  3. Caucuses shall have the right to determine their own internal structure, except where it is in violation of any bylaws or policies regarding member conduct.

Section 2. Branches: structures, rules, dissolution

Branches and sections shall be primarily autonomous, as long as they act in conformance with the DSA Constitution and these Bylaws. Branches and sections may not have separate treasuries or funds, but instead must have an accounting line in the TCDSA treasury and budget. All officers and leaders of the branches and sections must be elected democratically, including the representative on the Steering Committee. If a branch or section ceases to meet or act for a period of six (6) months, or if it has been acting in a way to bring disrepute or harm to TCDSA or the National DSA, the Steering Committee may vote in a Steering Committee meeting to dissolve said branch or section. The representatives of the branch or section must be notified at least seven (7) days before this meeting in the usual manner, and they may attend the meeting to defend against dissolution. Once a branch or section is dissolved, it may appeal the dissolution at the next membership meeting. After final dissolution of a branch or section, any property and records must be turned over to the TCDSA Steering Committee.

Item VI. Social Media and Online Assets


Section 1. Definitions and purpose

a. Social media is defined as all platforms on the internet that allow for exchange of information between registered accounts.

b. Online assets refers to organizational email accounts, websites, and opt-in mass email platforms, and other similar tools for using the internet, whether paid-for or free, that the TCDSA may own.

Section 2. Ownership and control

a. Any social media accounts and online assets set up in the name of TCDSA are the property of TCDSA and as such, the content of these assets will be under the control of the TCDSA Steering Committee or its delegates.

b. Membership or association with TCDSA does not confer on any individual member the right to control or dictate or censor online content.

Section 3. Adjunctive to legal notice requirements

Use of social media accounts and online assets are not a replacement for legal notice requirements as set out in these bylaws. The Operations Coordinator, on behalf of the Steering Committee, shall use social media accounts and online assets to publicize membership meetings and program meetings and actions and events of TCDSA.

Item VII. Amendments to Bylaws


Section 1. Amendments

a. These bylaws may be amended by the TCDSA membership at any legally held membership meeting, including the Annual Convention.

b. The Steering Committee may propose a bylaws amendment to be voted upon at the next membership meeting. The text of the amendment and the intent to vote on it shall form part of the notice requirement for the meeting.

c. A Member may move to amend the constitution or bylaws at a membership meeting, in which case it shall be voted on in the next membership meeting. It may be discussed and debated in the meeting where proposed, at the discretion of the chair. The text of the amendment and intent to vote on it shall be included in the notice for the next meeting.

Section 2. Supermajority rule for passing amendments

A two-thirds supermajority of the votes cast is required for amendments to pass. The membership shall be notified of the amendment and a new copy of the Constitution and Bylaws shall be posted on the TCDSA website whenever an amendment is made.

Item VIII. Miscellaneous Provisions


Section 1. Rules and Construction of Language

In any business meeting conducted by TCDSA, where neither these bylaws nor the DSA National bylaws dictate parliamentary procedure, Robert’s Rules of Order (most current edition) will be the prevailing rules of procedure. If there is any conflict between these bylaws and Minnesota state law governing nonprofit organizations, Minnesota law will prevail.

Section 2. Fiscal Year and Accounting

The fiscal year for TCDSA shall run from October 1 to September 30. In producing financial reports and budgets, TCDSA shall use accounting principles generally accepted for small nonprofit organizations.

Section 3. External Relationships and Electoral Work

a. TCDSA will work in community with organizations that share, at least in part, our vision and principles. This can include socialist or communist organizations under the discipline of democratic centralism, or liberal advocacy organizations that we may disagree with on other issues. Such associations must be understood to be free and mutual on both sides and not to create any obligations or restrictions.

b. In electoral work, it is important to stress to associated groups that TCDSA, like its parent organization, is not a political party. If TCDSA gives an endorsement to a cause or candidate, it must be understood to be informal and informational only.

Section 4. Prohibited Activity

TCDSA shall not engage in activity prohibited by the IRS guidelines established for 501(c)4 organizations or similar rules established by the state of Minnesota. Nor shall TCDSA engage in any activity prohibited by resolutions adopted by DSA’s National Convention or DSA’s National Political Committee.

Section 5 Accessibility and Class Consciousness

TCDSA shall strive to make all of its meetings, forums, and actions accessible and safe spaces for all. This consideration will extend to such things as the accessibility and safety of the venue, the type of food offered, accommodations for differences in sight, hearing, mobility and stamina, child care offerings, the avoidance of high cost venues that will essentially exclude some members, and religious and other identity considerations. Socialism is historically built on class consciousness, specifically on lifting up the working class. TCDSA will take care not to subtly exclude or censor working class viewpoints or viewpoints of any traditionally dis-empowered group.

Section 6. Conflicts of Interest

If any action taken by the Steering Committee or TCDSA under the governance of the Steering Committee may potentially benefit materially a member of the Steering Committee, that member is said to have a conflict of interest, and will recuse themselves from voting on that action.

Section 7. Arbitration or Mediation

If a conflict should arise within TCDSA between any member or entity and another member or entity that threatens to harm TCDSA or prevent it from accomplishing its aims, the Steering Committee is empowered to first attempt mediation between the parties. If the Steering Committee itself is one of the entities involved, or if it fails to mediate the conflict, it shall seek the services of an independent mediator to resolve the conflict.

Section 8. Ratification of this Constitution and these bylaws

This Constitution and these Bylaws shall be submitted to the membership for ratification at the first Annual Membership Convention of TCDSA to be held in September, 2016.

Addendum 1


List of counties in the Twin Cities Greater Metropolitan Area, as defined by the US Office of Management and Budget

Minnesota counties (descending order of population)

  1. Hennepin
  2. Ramsey
  3. Dakota
  4. Anoka
  5. Washington
  6. Scott
  7. Wright
  8. Carver
  9. Sherburne
  10. Chisago
  11. Isanti
  12. LeSueur
  13. Mille Lacs
  14. Sibley

Wisconsin counties (descending order of population)

  1. St. Croix
  2. Pierce

Amendments Summary


2017-6-4 – Item 1, Section 4 revised, former language included below.

Notice of each meeting and a draft agenda shall be delivered, either by mail or electronically or both, to all members no more than seventeen (17) and no fewer than ten (10) days before the meeting. All members for whom a mailing address is available shall receive the mailed notice, and members who “opt in” for email will receive email notice. The Social Secretary is responsible for this notice, and also for posting notice on Social Media as described in Item V below.

APPROVED – Summer General Membership Meeting 2017

2017-6-5 – Bylaws change formally updated in digital version on-line.

2018-1-9: Updated to reflect amendments passed in Sept 2017 meeting; Item II sec 2 (gender requirements of Co-Chairs,) Item II sec 8 (removing Steering Committee forming nominations committee and proposing slate), Item V sec 1 (clarifying how branches are formed and their purpose).

2018-3-20: Updated to add sections defining Caucuses and striking “only endorse in partisan races” language.

2019-1-20: Updated to reflect amendments passed at January 2019 general meeting, including all amendments presented except for Amendment 11, 16, and 18, as per the meeting minutes.

2019-12-1: Updated to reflect amendment passed at November 2019 general meeting to Item III Section 6, constituting committees and subcommittees.

2019-12-1: Updated to reflect amendment passed at November 2019 general meeting, changing Item II Section 6 and adding Item III Section 7 to constitute the Political Education Committee.

Written with StackEdit.